Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is a lot more than just the first Prime Minister of India. Before that, he was a hardcore nationalist freedom fighter, an ardent follower of Gandhi, an elite personality who pursued education from abroad, a scholarly author, a son, husband, and father to an intellectual daughter. And what makes Jawaharlal Nehru a world leader is his relations with international leaders both in the pre-independence and post-independence era.
Today on the occasion of the birth anniversary of a civilized leader Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru we try to understand his vision and idea of India through his classic book ‘Discovery Of India’ which even after decades continues to be a guiding light to understand the magnificent history and spiritual tradition of ‘India.’ And how it is important to know today as we come across terms like nationalism, nationalist, patriotic, etc very often as forces trying to tweak the very idea of ‘India.’
The book has covered various aspects taking from what is nationalism to various civilizations that took place in India, the importance of two epics of Ramayan and Mahabharta, and eventually the British era, and the fight for freedom. But each parameter gives an insight into what being Indian is, what its principles and doctrines that India has imbibed over the centuries taking from the era of Ramayana and Mahabharta.
War For Democracy
The concept of Democracy was inculcated in the minds of people for the pre-independence time. In the book, Pandit Nehru has mentioned the ‘War for Democracy.’ In this, he elaborates how fascism and nazism were dominant at that time and yet Congress followed the path of democracy and thrived for it. He always had anti-fascist and anti-nazi views.
Understanding of Bharat Mata
India is considered a motherland. While talking about ‘Bharat Mata’ Nehru has highlighted how each part of India is different and yet everything seems common. And the reason for the same is common problems. Taking from north to south and east to west all the citizens shared the same problems like debt, poverty, exploitation by Britishers, etc. for him Bharat Mata was not just the motherland but everything that comprises it like the rivers, the forests, the mountains, the fields and above all the people of India.
Diversity and Unity of India
The vividness in India is enormous. It is very prevalent. In Nehru’s words, there is diversity in face and figure, food and clothing, language and culture, and tradition. There is diversity on the basis of region. There are Marathas, Bengalis, Gujaratis, Tamils, Andhra, Oriya, Assamese, Punjabis, etc yet in the end, they are all Indian and are India.
Cultural Heritage Of Thousands Of Years
As Indian stories go back to the time of Ramayana and Mahabharata and later several civilizations everything has thought of Indians in common. There is the influence of doctrine, tradition, myth, philosophy which today India has as a legacy. All of these are engraved in the minds of the people who have made a rich cultural heritage.
National Idea And Nationalism
According to Nehru, Nationalism is essentially a group of memory of past achievements, traditions, and experiences. Crisis gives rise to nationalism. Nehru had always considered India as a powerful force and pioneer of the prevailing peace in Asia and the world. He believed that Indians with open hearts and minds be part of the larger world with taking pride in Indian glory.